The Holocaust has been characterized as a project of industrial extermination.
Reflect on Causes of Action and Inaction Have students write a response to the following prompt in their journals: Think of a time when you obeyed a rule or an authority figure a parent, teacher, group leader, etc. Why did you obey? What were the consequences of your decision? Now think of a time when you ignored or disobeyed a rule or authority figure.
Why did you resist authority? What were the consequences? You can use the Think, Pair, Share strategy to have students share their reflections.
Note that students may have written about choices they made that they would prefer not to share. Therefore it is not necessary that they share the details of their stories with other classmates. Instead, they can focus their discussion contribution on the reasons they obeyed or disobeyed fear of punishment, sense of fairness, etc.
Reflect on the Significance of Oaths Tell students that the Nazis pressured Germans to show their allegiance in a variety of ways, one of which was to take an oath to Hitler. Before looking at the text of the oath, ask students to think about the oaths, if any, that they are familiar with in their lives.
Begin the discussion by asking the following questions: What oaths do people take today? How should they, if they should at all?
Students may bring up oaths of office that government officials take, marriage vows, oaths that Boy Scout and Girl Scout members take, or oaths in religious ceremonies. While many students may not have been asked to take an oath before, they might have experienced a sense of obligation to stay true to their word or to care for others, and that sense of obligation may be similar to the commitment often expected from one who has taken an oath.
Then, read aloud the reading Pledging Allegianceperhaps choosing to rotate among different students for each section. Ask students to compare and contrast the two oaths, using the following questions to guide the discussion: Summarize the two oaths in your own words.
What is the main difference between the two oaths? How important is that difference? What are the implications of swearing an oath to an individual leader rather than to a nation?
How might taking an oath affect the choices a person makes? How does an oath affect the level of responsibility a person has for his or her actions? Is keeping an oath an acceptable explanation for making a choice that a person later regrets?Kershaw expounds the role of "cumulative radicalization" while recentering Hitler in the account.
If he presents a polycratic view of the Nazi system with great subtlety, he also shifts this structuralist analysis decisively toward the driving agency of the SS.
When one looks at the atrocities committed under the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler and compares them to the teacher of universal love, Jesus of Nazareth, one might come to the immediate conclusion that the notion that Hitler was a Christian is absurd. black uniformed unit created under hitler's rule.
it was only loyal to hitler. in , the SS arrested and murdered s of hitler's enemies. this brutal action terrorized the germans into total obedience; sachets-staffel or protection squad.
The horrors statistically detailed in this table do not include the genocide of the American Indians by European settlers and the U.S.
military, nor the horrors committed by the Japanese in China, and daily atrocities being committed as we speak in Kosovo, Rwanda, and other murderous venues.
Obedience is useful throughout society in business, politics and everyday life, however, if the authority that is directing orders is not questioned, obedience can be blind and destructive, resulting in catastrophic incidents. “The Wehrmacht Oath of Loyalty to Adolf Hitler, 2 August “I swear by God this sacred oath that I shall render unconditional obedience to Adolf Hitler, the Führer of the German Reich, supreme commander of the armed forces, and that I shall at all times be prepared, as a brave soldier, to give my life for this oath.””.