Thomas Jefferson was the 3rd President of the United States. Aaron Burr, George Clinton Party: April 13, in Albemarle County, Virginia Died:
Visit Website Did you know? Capitol, which housed the Library of Congress, during the War of Jefferson's books formed the foundation of the rebuilt Library of Congress's collections. Visit Website InJefferson graduated from the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, where he reportedly enjoyed studying for 15 hours then practicing violin for several more hours on a daily basis.
He went on to study law under the tutelage of a respected Virginia attorney there were no official law schools in America at the timeand began working as a lawyer in Marriage and Monticello After his father died when Jefferson was a teen, the future president inherited the Shadwell property.
Jefferson, who had a keen interest in architecture and gardening, designed the home and its elaborate gardens himself.
Over the course of his life, he remodeled and expanded Monticello and filled it with art, fine furnishings and interesting gadgets and architectural details. He kept records of everything that happened at the 5,acre plantation, including daily weather reports, a gardening journal and notes about his slaves and animals.
The couple moved to Monticello and eventually had six children; only two of their daughters—Martha and Mary —survived into adulthood. Jefferson was distraught and never remarried. However, it is believed he fathered more children with one of his slaves, Sally Hemings Although he was an advocate for individual liberty and at one point promoted a plan for gradual emancipation of slaves in America, he owned slaves throughout his life.
Jefferson inherited some slaves from his father and father-in-law and owned an estimated slaves over the course of his life. He freed only a small number of them in his will; the majority were sold following his death.
The Declaration of Independence, which explained why the 13 colonies wanted to be free of British rule and also detailed the importance of individual rights and freedoms, was adopted on July 4, In the fall ofJefferson resigned from the Continental Congress and was re-elected to the Virginia House of Delegates formerly the House of Burgesses.
He considered the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, which he authored in the late s and which Virginia lawmakers eventually passed into be one of the significant achievements of his career.
It was a forerunner to the First Amendment to the U. From toJefferson served as governor of Virginia, and from todid a second stint in Congress then officially known, sinceas the Congress of the Confederation. Inhe succeeded Benjamin Franklin as U.
In this post, Jefferson clashed with U. In the presidential election ofJefferson ran against John Adams and received the second highest amount of votes, which according to the law at the time, made him vice president. Jefferson ran against Adams again in the presidential election ofwhich turned into a bitter battle between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans.
Jefferson defeated Adams; however, due to a flaw in the electoral system, Jefferson tied with fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr The House of Representatives broke the tie and voted Jefferson into office.
In order to avoid a repeat of this situation, Congress proposed the Twelfth Amendment to the U. Constitution, which required separate voting for president and vice president.
The amendment was ratified in Jefferson Becomes Third U. President Jefferson was sworn into office on March 4, ; his was the first presidential inauguration held in WashingtonD. George Washington was inaugurated in New York in ; inhe was sworn into office in Philadelphia, as was his successor, John Adams, in Instead of riding in a horse-drawn carriage, Jefferson broke with tradition and walked to and from the ceremony.
At more thansquare miles, the acquisition which included lands extending between the Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains and the Gulf of Mexico to present-day Canada effectively doubled the size of the United States.Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] – July 4, ) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third President of the United States from to Thomas Jefferson is considered the primary author of the Declaration of Independence, although Jefferson's draft went through a process of revision by his fellow committee members and the Second Continental Congress.
How the Declaration Came About. America's declaration of independence from the British Empire was the nation's founding moment. Watch video · Thomas Jefferson, author of the American Declaration of Independence and the third U.S. president, was born on April 13, , at the Shadwell plantation located just outside of .
Signing of the United States Declaration of Independence; The date that the Declaration was signed has long been the subject of debate. Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, The only names on that version were Congress President John Hancock and Secretary Charles Thomson.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S.
April 2] – July 4, ) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third President of the United States from to Thomas Jefferson: A Captivating Guide to an American Founding Father Who Was the Principal Author of the Declaration of Independence and the Third President of the United States - Kindle edition by Captivating History.
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