Polytheism Polytheism is the belief that there is more than one god.
Thursday, January 20, Darksyde writes: Where do morals, principles, ethics, whatever term one wishes to use, originate from? Theists of course always credit their respective deity with the origin and basis of ethics. And, unsurprisingly, those Christians who supported slavery tended to side with Davis, those who did not sided with the abolitionists.
The same is true in other issues outside of slavery. Relativism is the default position in all cases in which God refuses to enlighten us - which happens to be all modern cases incidentally.
And morals are acquired via cultural interaction and child development, which strengthens the provisional conclusion that morality is relative. I think DS may be guilty of conflating the foundation of moral truths with that of our moral beliefs.
How we learn about something is an entirely different matter from what makes it true. After all, our beliefs about say astronomy are likewise picked up in a cultural context.
People used to think the sun went round the Earth; we now believe differently. Some beliefs are just plain false. Like, say, the belief that slavery is morally okay.
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DS argues that the existence of conflicting interpretations implies that religion cannot provide an objective basis for morality. But really this only shows that religion cannot provide an objective method for resolving moral disputes.
Practical problems aside, then, the thorny theoretical issue is not how we come to have moral beliefs, but rather, what makes them true or false. But this then raises the famous Euthyphro dilemma, the ultimate refutation of authority-based ethics: Is X good because God commands it, or does God command it because it is good?
If the latter, then moral standards exist independently of God. But the former is just a variant of subjectivism - moral truths are fixed by whatever God happens to prefer. Such arbitrariness makes for a pretty unsatisfactory moral foundation.
To assess God in any meaningful way, we must appeal to a standard that is independent of him. I agree with DS that our moral beliefs, like all our other beliefs, are culturally acquired.
However, this implies nothing about what makes them true.
In particular, it does not - in itself - support moral relativism. I think religious explanations fail here, but for different reasons than those proposed by DS. The question of relativism will receive further attention in my next posts Posted by Richard Chappell at Ancient Greek Philosophy.
From Thales, who is often considered the first Western philosopher, to the Stoics and Skeptics, ancient Greek philosophy opened the doors to a particular way of thinking that provided the roots for the Western intellectual tradition.
I might simply mention that there is a difference between how we psychologically end up with a moral sense (i.e. conscience / superego) and what might be the best moral system should we choose to hold that moral should have a rational basis.
`Euthyphro's definition of piety Doing as I am doing; that is to say, prosecuting any one who is guilty of murder, sacriledge, or of any similar crime -- whether he be your father or mother or whoever he may .
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leslutinsduphoenix.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Monad (from Greek μονάς monas, "singularity" in turn from μόνος monos, "alone"), refers in cosmogony to the Supreme Being, divinity, or the totality of all leslutinsduphoenix.com concept was reportedly conceived by the Pythagoreans and may refer variously to a single source acting alone, or to an indivisible origin, or to both.
The concept was later adopted by other philosophers, such as Leibniz.