Despite all the anti-climate change enthusiasts out there, pollution is a major deal in most of the European cities these days. London Urban Tollbooth In London, polluting vehicles can still access the centre if they pay for it. This urban toll, introduced inis in effect between 7 a. Drivers can pay by phone, SMS, Internet or in a fully equipped shop.
Introduction The heroic upsurge of the Azanian South African people against the racist South African regime has been going on for well over a year and a half.
We have witnessed mass demonstrations, strikes, boycotts, etc. These have been subject to violent repression by the regime, which has led to the deaths of some 1, people, according to the regime's own count.
But even these killings have led to new mass demonstrations, as thousands have attended the funerals, to mourn the casualties as well as to organize for further actions. This movement shows the determination of the Azanian people to be masters in their own land, an independent Black republic.
The struggle will necessarily continue on to a higher stage, a revolutionary people's war. For it is clear that the only way the settler regime can be defeated is militarily.
We have seen the hypocrisy of the U. The Reagan administration's policy of "constructive engagement" opposes any form of sanctions against the regime, while it praises every meaningless reform that the regime makes. The liberals, on the other hand, would like to see a negotiated compromise between "responsible" Black leaders and Economic struggles of the elderly flexible elements among the settlers, a compromise that would lead to some form of "power sharing.
Both tactics are designed to keep South Africa friendly to the U. We in the U. We must understand the origins, history and tasks of the struggle of the Azanian people, and the organizations leading this struggle.
We must particularly understand the ties between the South African regime and the imperialist monopoly capitalist countries, especially U. This is necessary to be able to give genuine political and material support to the Azanian liberation movement. It has been protracted, has often involved large numbers of people, and in certain cases, especially among students and their supporters, it has been militant.
However, its fundamental weakness is that it is led by liberals and reformists, who want to confine its aims and outlook to what is acceptable to the liberal bourgeoisie. Revolutionaries in the U. We must also encourage working class participation and leadership of the support movement here, as well as rallying other forces.
We should learn from the experience, both positive and negative, of the work of the African Liberation Support Committee during the early s, in which revolutionaries took the lead, mobilizing people for the first mass African Liberation Day demonstration in The revolutionary movement in the U.
The Afro-American movement can learn what the Azanian people well know, that the struggle against oppression is a revolutionary one. And the Azanian movement can see that getting rid of the apartheid legal system is just the beginning.
For we in the U.
These are some of the questions we would like to take up in this pamphlet. The information and views expressed in this pamphlet are by no means the final word on any of these questions.
We realize that it may not represent a full picture of the South African revolution. As our research continues and more information becomes available, we will strengthen or revise our analysis. As we go to press, the struggle in Azania intensifies.
The masses have just conducted a general strike for May Day, in which half a million workers demonstrated; and they are preparing to commemorate the fallen martyrs of the Soweto rebellion.
In New York City, thousands are expected to march and rally in Central Park in commemoration of this rebellion. In Greensboro, North Carolina, as well, Azanian and Namibian students, along with community people and workers, will hold a small commemoration.
This effort on our part is a tribute to the youth of Soweto. History of Colonization and Formation of the Settler State The history of South Africa and its peoples, like that of all peoples, does not begin or end with contacts with other nations, states and peoples.
More precisely, the tendency to begin the history of African peoples at the point of contact with Europeans is both ahistorical and racist.
The history of any society is based on how its people fashion a living for themselves, how they contend with the forces of nature and consequently how the relations between people develop.
These production relations give rise to the development of classes within a given society, and the resulting struggle between them. However, the internal developments of a particular society are not isolated from other societies.
In particular, the histories of the peoples of Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East have been profoundly shaped by the rise of capitalism in Europe.
For this led to the European exploration and colonization in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries, and later, imperialist plunder of the colonial world it created. In fact, all of the various struggles that rage today in the former colonies and semi-colonies have their roots in this colonial legacy.
This is certainly true in the case of South Africa. European exploration began in earnest towards the end of the 15th century. At that time, merchants had begun to accumulate large amounts of wealth, in the form of commercial capital, through trade.Essay on Economic Struggles of the Elderly Words | 13 Pages Abstract The elderly, or senior citizens, have always been considered a vulnerable population, physically, mentally, and socially.
Portraits depict 'struggles and joys' of older transgender people US states and socio-economic backgrounds. Recent research by UCLA's Williams Institute found that transgenderism is almost. You are viewing this article in the leslutinsduphoenix.com archives. Aug 8, a.m. Facing tough economic times, Ypsilanti Meals on Wheels struggles to meet a growing demand.
By Tom Perkins Meals on Wheels drivers load meals from the kitchen at Eastern Michigan University's Hoyt Conference Center. Elderly or house bound people also may. Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and workers' self-management of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
Social ownership may refer to forms of public, collective or cooperative ownership, or to citizen ownership of equity. There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single.
Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at leslutinsduphoenix.com Disruptive and confrontational students are sometimes an unavoidable challenge.
If handled poorly, these confrontations can lead to power struggles and more disruptions. We asked educators for their advice on defusing these tense situations.