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The Chinese writing system is non-alphabetic. It applies a specific character to write each meaningful syllable or each nonmeaningful syllabic that is part of a polysyllabic word.
History It is not known when Chinese writing originated, but it apparently began to develop in the early 2nd millennium bc. The earliest known inscriptions, each of which contains between 10 and 60 characters incised on pieces of bone and tortoiseshell that were used for oracular divination, date from the Shang or Yin dynasty 18th—12th century bcbut, by then it was already a highly developed system, essentially similar to its present form.
By bc the script included some 2, to 3, characters, most of which can be read to this day. By the end of the Zhou dynasty the dazhuan had degenerated to some extent. The script was fixed in its present form during the Qin period — bc. The earliest graphs were schematic pictures of what they represented; the graph for man resembled a standing figure, that for woman depicted a kneeling figure.
It is now recognized that the system represents the Chinese language by means of a logographic script. Each graph or character corresponds to one meaningful unit of the language, not directly to a unit of thought.
Although it was possible to make up simple signs to represent common objects, many words were not readily picturable.
To represent such words the phonographic principle was adopted. A graph that pictured some object was borrowed to write a different word that happened to sound similar. With this invention the Chinese approached the form of writing invented by the Sumerians. However, because of the enormous number of Chinese words that sound the same, to have carried through the phonographic principle would have resulted in a writing system in which many of the words could be read in more than one way.
That is, a written character would be extremely ambiguous. The solution to the problem of character ambiguityadopted about bc during the reign of the first Qin emperor, Shihuangdiwas to distinguish two words having the same sound and represented by the same graph by adding another graph to give a clue to the meaning of the particular word intended.
Such complex graphs or characters consist of two parts, one part suggesting the sound, the other part the meaning. The system was then standardized so as to approach the ideal of one distinctive graph representing each morpheme, or unit of meaning, in the language.
The limitation is that a language that has thousands of morphemes would require thousands of characters, and, as the characters are formed from simple lines in various orientations and arrangements, they came to possess great complexity.
Not only did the principle of the script change with time, so too did the form of the graphs. The earliest writing consisted of carved inscriptions.
Before the beginning of the Christian Era the script came to be written with brush and ink on paper. The brushwork allowed a great deal of scope for aesthetic considerations. The relation between the written Chinese language and its oral form is very different from the analogous relation between written and spoken English.THE SINO-ALPHABET: THE ASSIMILATION OF ROMAN LETTERS INTO THE CHINESE WRITING SYSTEM1 Mark Hansell Carleton College Introduction One of the most striking changes in written Chinese in recent years is.
You can now translate directly from written English to the Chinese alphabet. Type English sentences and our computer will translate them to a Chinese Alphabet.
Add Mystery To Your Writing. The Chinese Phonetic Alphabet There have been many different systems of transcription used for learning to pronounce Chinese. Today the official transcription accepted on an international basis is the Pinyin alphabet, developed in China at the end of the 's.
How to Say Goodbye in Chinese. Search the site GO. Languages. Mandarin Vocabulary Basics History & Culture Pronunciation & Conversation Chinese Characters How Do You Say and Write "I" in Chinese? How to Say Good Morning and Good Evening in Chinese. Daily Mandarin Lesson: "Travel" in Chinese. Chinese Alphabet L 心. 心 (xīn) Heart. Picture a partial outline of the heart with three drops of blood. 一心 (Yīxīn) One heart, meaning people who have the same idea, same heart, or as one. Rocket Languages: Online language courses that are simple, powerful and work. Devised using the strategies polyglots use, our award-winning courses are the most comprehensive available. Take an obligation free trial today and you will be amazed at how much you will learn.
The most common way to say goodbye in Chinese is definitely 再见. 拜拜 is a casual goodbye that is usually used with friends/on the phone. It’s definitely a Chinese version of the English “Bye bye.”. Teaching the alphabet is foundational for reading and writing. Around the age of 2, children begin showing interest in learning alphabet letters.
While some kids learn letters very quickly, others need more repetition and time to learn letters. Today I'm going to share with you some of my favorite ways to teach the alphabet to little ones.
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