Brigham Young As head of the Mormon Church and architect of the Mormon colony in Utah, Brigham Young was almost sole author of one of the most important chapters in the history of the American West. Born in into a poor Vermont farming family, Brigham Young was the ninth of eleven children. When he was three, his family moved to upstate New York, and at age sixteen, Young left home to start a career as an itinerant carpenter, painter, farmer and general handyman. He married his first wife inand in the couple moved to Mendon, New York, some forty miles from Manchester, where Joseph Smith was in the final stages of preparing the Book of Mormon for publication.
From the Christian crusades of the Middle Ages to the fatwa on Salman Rushdie at the close of the millennium, the predominately Christian societies of Western Europe and North America have been suspicious and fearful of Muslims. Conversely, Muslim adherents of Islam find much in Western social values and practices antithetical to their tradition.
The arena of conflict between these communities is changing rapidly, primarily due to the technological innovations of the information age and the confrontation of cultures.
No longer are geographical boundaries adequate to separate these cultures. At the same time, Muslims of the diaspora are creating religious and cultural enclaves using Arabsat and the Internet, as well as traditional channels.
Yet, recent Islamic migrants to Western nations face the dilemma of finding their authentic voice in popular Western culture, balanced against their fears of cultural assimilation and loss of identity. They seek to know how is it possible to move toward the center of Western culture without compromising deeply-held religious beliefs and traditions.
Navigating the cultural conflicts between Islam and the West is not a trivial challenge given sharply contrasting worldviews; the two domains of knowledge are poorly matched.
Islam offers a totalized worldview encompassing all spheres of community intercourse: The West isolates the spheres of knowledge and action and enshrines the individual.
The clash that arises from conflicting worldviews leaves emotional and psychological scars. The Islamic world consists of diverse ethnic, cultural, and geographic populations, and faces the challenge of uniting diverse national cultures. There are thirty countries, mainly in Asia and Africa, with a total population of about million, in which Muslims have an overall majority; many more countries have sizable Muslim minorities.
The total Muslim world population is close to 1. The Muslim population has grown rapidly in Europe and North America in the past two decades. There is a growing Islamic presence in the United States, although it is concentrated primarily in a dozen major urban centers El-Badry, At the close of the twentieth century, there were approximately thirty-five million Muslims in Europe and North America, with about 1, mosques and Islamic centers in the United States.
Adaptation of Islamic peoples into a secular society depends on their resourcefulness. They point to Black African slaves who held Islamic beliefs until as late as the early part of the twentieth century.
Earlier, migration of the Melungeons came to North America prior to the s. The first waves of Arabic immigrants from Lebanon and Syria occurred in the s and s Haddad, Even though Muslims embrace different religious traditions i.
Traditional Muslims affirm, as did Pakistani anthropologist Akbar S. Arabs exchanged their oil in the open world marketplace for a foreign and antagonistic Western culture. Muslim adherents disagree about the power of Western values to secularize Islamic culture.
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Traditionalists argue either for severance of Islamic nations with Western institutions, or for globalization of Islamic values. The history of Muslim-Christian dialogue includes periods of great hostility and open war, as well as times of uneasy toleration, peaceful coexistence, and even cooperation toward shared goals Kimball, A growing consensus, however, suggests Islamic- Western tensions may be growing with the expanding information society Yamani, We should have no illusions about the matter: Some Islamic leaders do promote the goal of internationalization and globalization.
He argued that Muslims should not fear globalization and should seek to benefit from all the means of progress in science, economics and wealth. The dialogue between Islam and the West over fundamental disagreements in worldviews has occurred quietly, behind the controversies Lewis, Others have observed the struggle to develop a comprehensive theory for mass communication to compete with Western theories of communication Hussain, ; Pasha, ; El-Affendi, ; and Al-Hajji, The Western media offend Muslims at two levels:Vol.
Ottawa, Ill., Friday, January 30, No. Brigham Young, president of the Mormon twelve, has written to Washington, requesting a contract for building a line of forts from the Missouri frontier to the Rocky mountains; also for carrying the overland mail to Oregon.
Mathias Cormann was born in the German-speaking part of Belgium and decided to migrate to Australia permanently, after first visiting Perth in , attracted by the great lifestyle and opportunities on offer in Western Australia.
I slam’s relationship with the West, though it goes far into antiquity, has been overburdened with rivalries and marred by conflicts. From the Christian crusades of the Middle Ages to the fatwa on Salman Rushdie at the close of the millennium, the predominately Christian societies of Western Europe and North America have been suspicious and fearful of Muslims.
Westward Expansion: Who? (Background information): Brigham Young and the Mormons The Mormons went west because they were persecuted due to their beliefs. Who is the group and why are they moving west? What does this group do to survive and travel?
Mormons were used to . Brigham Young Sr. ordained three of his sons, Brigham Young Jr., Joseph Angell Young and John Willard Young, In the western United States, Young was involved in the colonization of Cache Valley, southern Utah and the extension of Mormon settlements into New Mexico and Arizona.
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