A biography of epicurus a greek philosopher

He is credited by some with originating the Cynic way of life, but he himself acknowledges an indebtedness to Antisthenesby whose numerous writings he was probably influenced. It was by personal example rather than any coherent system of thought that Diogenes conveyed the Cynic philosophy. His followers positioned themselves as watchdogs of morality. Diogenes is the subject of numerous apocryphal stories, one of which depicts his behaviour upon being sold into slavery.

A biography of epicurus a greek philosopher

He was the first of the overt therapy philosophers and an upholder of the atomic theory. Epicurus was born either in Samos or in Athens. He spent his youth in the Athenian colony of Samos, and at the age of 18 he made his way to Athens. In the upheaval resulting from the death of Alexander the Great B.

Soon, however, he founded his own school, which has since borne his name. Epicurus was subject, even in his own lifetime, to opprobrious comment; among other things he was accused of gluttony, womanizing, and unwarranted contempt for other philosophers, antecedent and contemporary.

Given the strength of his own convictions, the latter accusation may have had substance; all evidence we have suggests that Epicurus spoke his mind.

The other accusations appear to be groundless. He was physically infirm and lived a life of abstemiousness, if not of complete asceticism.

The schools at Athens and elsewhere

He was characterized by his love for his parents, his generosity to his brothers, and his gentleness toward his slaves.

He was also respectful to the gods, no doubt on the grounds that they were the example of that freedom from physical pain and mental tranquility that he saw as the supreme human goal. The latter, however, is likely a compendium put together by disciples, as is undoubtedly the case with the Senteniae Vaticanae, discovered in the 19th century.

The Letter to Pythocles deals with his far less confident opinions on astronomy and meteorology. And the Letter to Menoeceus treats his theory of conduct.

Epicurus - Wikipedia

Atomic Theory All that exists, Epicurus says, consists of matter, void, and their accidents, or properties.

The universe is infinite in time and space and contains an infinite number of eternally moving indestructible elements called "atoms. The atoms are not further splittable, though they are logically divisible into "minimal parts," which serve as integral units of measurement in the distinguishing of different sizes of atoms.

A biography of epicurus a greek philosopher

The atoms are like sense objects in possessing mass, size, and shape. Any change in the universe is reducible to alteration of position. Atoms are invisible, by definition; and their motions, be it in the " free fall " of the void, or from mutual collision, or in the "vibration" within a compound body, are of equal velocity, which he equates with the "speed of thought.

In the matter of speed the only difference between atoms is that, thanks to the deflections consequent upon collisions, the net distance covered by one atom will differ from that covered by another. In the infinite universe there is an infinite number of earth systems similar to our own, constantly waxing and waning.

URANUS (Ouranos)- Greek Primordial God of the Sky (Roman Caelum)

These earth systems are of various shapes, but in each instance the "earth" is a plane, like our own. The universe is an infinity of space "up" and an infinity of space "down.

The problem is an acute one, since atoms falling eternally "down" at uniform speed will never meet, and the organized world described by Epicurus becomes an impossibility.Diogenes: Diogenes, archetype of the Cynics, a Greek philosophical sect that stressed stoic self-sufficiency and the rejection of luxury.

He is credited by some with originating the Cynic way of life, but he himself acknowledges an indebtedness to Antisthenes, by whose numerous writings he was probably.

Epicurus, (born bc, Samos, Greece—died , Athens), Greek philosopher, author of an ethical philosophy of simple pleasure, friendship, and retirement. He founded schools of philosophy that survived directly from the 4th century bc until the 4th century ad.

Epicurus (ca. B.C.) was a Greek philosopher and the founder of Epicureanism. He was the first of the overt therapy philosophers and an upholder of the atomic theory.

Epicurus was born either in Samos or in Athens. EPICURUS ( - B.C.E.) was an Athenian philosopher of the Hellenistic period, who was born on the Aegean island of Samos off the coast of present-day Turkey. At age eighteen, he moved to Athens to complete a compulsory two-year term of military service and thereafter began studying philosophy under Nausiphanes of Teos.

Epicurus, (born bc, Samos, Greece—died , Athens), Greek philosopher, author of an ethical philosophy of simple pleasure, friendship, and retirement. He founded schools of philosophy that survived directly from the 4th century bc until the 4th century ad. Epicurus (ca. B.C.) was a Greek philosopher and the founder of Epicureanism.

He was the first of the overt therapy philosophers and an upholder of the atomic theory. He was the first of the overt therapy philosophers and an upholder of the atomic theory.

Leucippus - Wikipedia